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Defining 3D Displays

Table of contents

OpenGL display

  • Define the attribute type of the display with type:opengl in the output of your model (or use the preferences->display windows to use it by default):
    output {
    display DisplayName type:opengl {
      species mySpecies;
    }
    

The opengl display share most of the feature that the java2D offers and that are described here.

Using 3D display offers many way to represent a simulation. A layer can be positioned and scaled in a 3D world. It is possible to superpose layer on different z value and display different information on the model at different position on the screen.

Position

Layer can be drawn on different position (x,y and z) value using the position facet

Size

Layer can be drawn with different size (x,y and z) using the size facet

Here is an example of display using all the previous facet (experiment factice to add to the model Incremental Model 5). You can also dynamically change those value by showing the side bar in the display.

experiment expe_test type:gui {
	output {
		display city_display type: opengl{
			species road aspect: geom refresh:false;
			species building aspect: geom transparency:0.5 ;
			species people aspect: sphere3D position:{0,0,0.1};
			species road aspect: geom size:{0.3,0.3,0.3};
		}
	}
}

images/species_layer.png

Camera

<img src=’http://img.youtube.com/vi/rMIVQlul1Ag/0.jpg’ width=’425’ height=344 />

Arcball Camera

FreeFly Camera

Dynamic camera

User have the possibility to set dynamically the parameter of the camera (observer). The basic camera properties are its position, the direction in which is pointing, and its orientation. Those 3 parameters can be set dynamically at each iteration of the simulation.

Camera position

The facet camera_pos(x,y,z) places the camera at the given position. The default camera positon is (world.width/2,world/height/2,world.maxDim*1.5) to place the camera at the middle of the environement at an altitude that enables to see the entire environment.

Camera direction (Look Position)

The facet camera_look_pos(x,y,z) points the camera toward the given position. The default look position is (world.width/2,world/height/2,0) to look at the center of the environment.

Camera orientation (Up Vector)

The camera camera_up_vector(x,y,z) sets the up vector of the camera. The up vector direction in your scene is the up direction on your display screen. The default value is (0,1,0)

Here are some examples that can be done using those 3 parameters. You can test it by running the following model:

<img src=’http://img.youtube.com/vi/lQVGD8aDKZY/0.jpg’ width=’425’ height=344 />

Boids 3D Camera movement

Default view

display RealBoids   type:opengl{
...		
}

First person view

You can set the position as a first person shooter video game using:

display FirstPerson  type:opengl 
camera_pos:{boids(1).location.x,-boids(1).location.y,10} 
camera_look_pos:{cos(boids(1).heading)*world.shape.width,-sin(boids(1).heading)*world.shape.height,0} 
camera_up_vector:{0.0,0.0,1.0}{
...
}

Third Person view

You can follow an agent during a simulation by positioning the camera above it using:

display ThirdPerson  type:opengl camera_pos:{boids(1).location.x,-boids(1).location.y,250}  camera_look_pos:{boids(1).location.x,-boids(1).location.y,boids(1).location.z}{
...
} 

Lighting

In a 3D scene once can define light sources. The way how light sources and 3D object interact is called lighting. Lighting is an important factor to render realistic scenes.

In a real world, the color that we see depend on the interaction between color material surfaces, the light sources and the position of the viewer. There are four kinds of lighting called ambient, diffuse, specular and emissive.

Gama handle ambient and diffuse light.

  • ambient_light: Allows to define the value of the ambient light either using an int (ambient_light:(125)) or a rgb color ((ambient_light:rgb(255,255,255)). default is rgb(125,125,125).
  • diffuse_light: Allows to define the value of the diffuse light either using an int (diffuse_light:(125)) or a rgb color ((diffuse_light:rgb(255,255,255)). default is rgb(125,125,125).
  • diffuse_light_pos: Allows to define the position of the diffuse light either using an point (diffuse_light_pos:{x,y,z}). default is {world.shape.width/2,world.shape.height/2,world.shape.width*2}.
  • is_light_on: Allows to enable/disable the light. Default is true.
  • draw_diffuse_light: Allows to enable/disable the drawing of the diffuse light. Default is false”)),

Here is an example using all the available facet to define a diffuse light that rotate around the world.

<img src=’http://img.youtube.com/vi/op56elmEEYs/0.jpg’ width=’425’ height=344 />

display View1  type:opengl draw_diffuse_light:true ambient_light:(0) diffuse_light:(255) diffuse_light_pos:{50+ 150*sin(time*2),50,150*cos(time*2){
...
}